Imaging Satyagraha: The Personal Effects of Buenaventura Durruti and Mahatma Gandhi

By Judith Stallings-Ward.

Published by The International Journal of the Image

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Article: Print $US10.00
Article: Electronic $US5.00

This paper offers a portrait of anarchism’s two faces—a nonviolent face, incarnated by Gandhi, and a violent face, embodied by Durruti. A semiotical analysis of the meaning of the series of images associated with each man’s scant personal possessions will reveal how satyagraha’s law that the means are consubstantial with the ends rings true in the manner in which each man lived,
died, and is remembered. Our analytical approach will be strengthened by a synthetic perspective offered by Pablo Picasso’s Guernica (1927), the most iconic image of the era, and one that will help us better comprehend the
exceptions and the allowances of two radical and radically different responses to an era of social conflict and economic distress.

Keywords: Satyagraha, Anarchism, Gandhi, Durruti, Picasso, Guernica, Semiotics, C. S. Peirce, Roland Barthes

The International Journal of the Image, Volume 1, Issue 2, pp.185-196. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Article: Electronic (PDF File; 1.792MB).

Dr. Judith Stallings-Ward

Associate Professor of Hispanic Literature and Culture, Department of Modern Languages, Norwich University, Northfield, Vermont, USA

Judith Stallings-Ward holds a Ph.D. from Yale University, an M.A. from Middlebury, and a B.A. from the University of Texas at Austin. She has published several articles on Cervantes’s Don Quixote and on inter-art relations in the avant-garde poetry of Gerardo Diego. She is currently working on a book about Gerardo Diego’s poetry and its translation of the cubist strategies of Juan Gris and of the neoclassical composer Manuel de Falla. She is an associate professor of Spanish at Norwich Unversity.